Wilma Mankiller

A memorial service for Chief Wilma Mankiller was held today at the Cherokee Nation Cultural Grounds in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. She died earlier this week at the age of 64 after a bout of pancreatic cancer.

While she was born in the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma, she spent her childhood in San Francisco. During the 1950s, the United States government followed a policy of relocation for American Indians. Under this policy, Indians were relocated from their reservations to distant cities. Relocation was based on the reasoning that there was little work for Indians on the reservation and therefore the solution was to simply relocate the Indians to the cities. Relocation was often brutal: Indians were told that all services for them on the reservation-health care, commodities, education-were being terminated and that they had to move to the cities. They were then given a one-way bus ticket to the city.

In 1969, she was among a group of young Indian militants who called themselves “Indians of All Tribes” who occupied the abandoned Alcatraz Island prison to protest Indian conditions. In a proclamation to the “Great White Father” they informed the government that they had reclaimed the island by right of discovery and that they were willing to pay a fair price ($24) for it. The price offered was $1.50 per acre which was more than the 47 cents per acre which the government was currently offering California Indians for their lands under the Claims Commission Act. Under the terms of the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty, male Indian adults whose tribes are a party to this treaty are allowed to file for a homestead on abandoned federal lands. Alcatraz was abandoned by the federal government in 1963.

In her autobiography, she ends the chapter about Alcatraz by simply stating:

The name of the island is Alcatraz. It changed me forever.

She also writes:

It was on Alcatraz, the irregular oblong hump of barren sandstone stuck in the bay waters between San Francisco and Sausalito, where at long last some Native Americans, including me, truly began to regain our balance.

She returned home to the Cherokee Nation in 1977. She went to work for the tribe as an economic stimulus coordinator. She writes about her entry into tribal government:

The tribal power base was dominated by men, but it was refreshing to see that at least a rebirth of our government, which the federal government had tried to suppress for seventy years, was in full swing.

In 1981 she became the first director of the Cherokee Nation Community Development Department. In 1983, Ross Swimmer asked her to run as his deputy in the election for Principal Chief. Swimmer was known as a Republican. She notes:

He must have forgotten that I am also a liberal Democrat.

In 1985, Ross Swimmer was selected by President Ronald Reagan to become the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs. With this move, Wilma Mankiller became the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. After completing Swimmer’s term as Chief, she ran for the office herself and became elected Principal Chief in 1987.

Under the guidance of Chief Mankiller, the Cherokee Nation tripled its enrollment, doubled its employment, and built new health centers and children’s programs.

In 1998, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Clinton. This is the highest honor given civilians in the United States.

Current Cherokee Chief Chad Smith stated:

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/201…

“She was such a monumental leader in Indian Country and certainly within the Cherokee Nation because, ironically or perhaps appropriately, she was so humble.”  

Ancient America: Aztec Pueblo

When Americans first began to enter into and explore New Mexico in the nineteenth century they believed that American Indians were primitive peoples who were incapable of building great cities and monumental architecture. When they encountered ancient ruins in the Southwest, they assumed that these must have been made by people unrelated to the local Indians. A common misconception was to credit the construction of these ruins to the ancient Mexican civilizations. Thus an ancient pueblo north of Salmon Pueblo was named Aztec Pueblo. The pueblo has no association with the Aztec, but was constructed by the Anasazi.  

The Anasazi began construction of Aztec Pueblo in 1106. As with other Anasazi pueblos, the complex was designed before it was built. The three-story D-shaped pueblo had 405 rooms with a 161,000 square foot living area. The Great Kiva was 41 feet in diameter. Aztec is the largest pueblo associated with Chaco Canyon outside of Chaco Canyon.

Aztec Pueblo included many smaller kivas, some of which are tri-walled in that the inner room was within three concentric walls.

The Anasazi at Aztec diverted water from the Animus River to irrigate their fields. They raised crops of corn, beans, squash, and cotton. They probably sent surplus crops to help feed those in Chaco Canyon. The cotton which they raised was woven into blankets, breech cloths, robes, and sashes.

Sometime in the 1200s, population in Aztec decreased. During this time, many of the rooms were filled with trash and/or were used for human burials.

Aztect Pueblo 1

Aztec 8

The Cherokee Trail of Tears

In 1838, the United States Army rounded up the Cherokee who were living in Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, and Alabama. Mounted soldiers, using their bayonets as prods, herded the Cherokee like cattle. One of the soldier-interpreters for the Army wrote:

“I saw the helpless Cherokees arrested and dragged from their homes and driven at bayonet point into stockades. And in the chill of a drizzling rain on an October morning I saw them loaded like cattle or sheep into six hundred and forty-five wagons and headed for the West.”

If there were no adults home when the soldiers came to the Cherokee farms, then the children were taken in the hopes that their parents would follow. The vacant farms were then occupied by non-Indians who took over the Cherokee houses, used Cherokee furniture, utensils, and tools, and harvested the crops which the Cherokee had planted and tended. They also robbed Cherokee graves, stealing the silver pendants and other valuables which had been buried with the dead.

There were 3,000 regular soldiers and 4,000 citizen soldiers who assisted in the expulsion of the Cherokees. These soldiers often raped, robbed, and murdered the Cherokee. Some of the soldiers who were ordered to carry out the forced removal refused to do so. The Tennessee volunteers went home, saying that they would not dishonor Tennessee arms in this way. Many civilians who witnessed the treatment of the Cherokee signed petitions of protest.

The Cherokee were herded into animal corrals with no sanitary facilities. The stockades were so overcrowded that it was difficult to find room to sit down. They were not provided with adequate food and water.  

The Cherokee were then force-marched some 1,500 miles to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River (now the state of Oklahoma.) During this march, 8,000 Cherokee died. The Cherokee call this episode in their long history Nunna daul Isunyi, which means “trail where we cried”. Others call it the Trail of Tears and often refer to it as the most disgraceful event in American history and as one more piece of evidence about the genocide which was attempted against American Indians.

The Cherokee were not at war with the United States. At this time, there was no American who could remember any unprovoked violence by the Cherokee. The Cherokee were known to be good neighbors and had adopted much of the European manner of living, including Christianity.  

In Georgia, however, the press reported on the Cherokee removal with these words:

“Georgia is, at length, rid of her red population, and this beautiful country will now be prosperous and happy.”

The Cherokee were not the first tribe that was moved in this fashion, nor were they the last. The Trail of Tears was not an event which suddenly happened: rather it was the culmination of more than 30 years of actions and attitudes. It was an expression of states’ rights; it was an expression of greed for land; it was a denial of Native American tribal sovereignty; and it was an expression of the government’s inability to understand Indian people. One of the important points of conflict was the government’s concern for individually owned land and the Indian view that land was not to be owned by the individual, but by the tribe.

We talk about the Trail of Tears and similar events so that others may not repeat the errors of the past. It is important that we remember and that we talk about this today. In many ways the political climate of the United States today is similar to that which led up to the Trail of Tears. Let us recall these things now so that we can say: “Never again!” Never again should the United States act in such a callous manner toward those who gave this country so much of its heritage.  

Earthquakes and Native American Spirituality

There have been a number of major earthquakes recently-Haiti, Chile, Turkey-and, as usual, there have been some religious explanations about why they happened. During the past century there have been a couple of earthquakes here in North America which involved Native American spirituality.  

The most intense series of earthquakes in North America happened in 1811 with an epicenter in Arkansas. It is estimated that this may have been an 8.0 magnitude earthquake. This earthquake is commonly called the New Madrid Earthquake.

Just prior to the earthquake, Cherokee chief Skaquaw (The Swan) had a vision while gazing at a comet. Lightning flashed from the four directions and formed a small light at his feet. He picked it up and found that it did not burn his hand because it was tame fire. A child then approached him from the east and another from the west. They perfumed the air and he fell asleep. While sleeping, the Great Spirit told him to warn the Cherokee that they must leave the St. Francis, Arkansas area before great disaster falls upon them. When Skaquaw awoke he told the people what he had learned and they left the area. In this way, they escaped from the New Madrid earthquakes.

There’s another story about the New Madrid Earthquake from Alabama. Shawnee leader Tecumseh had been visiting the Creek in an attempt to gain their support for a rebellion against the Americans. When he left the Creek village of Tuckhabatchee he told the Creek Chief Big Warrior that when he returned to Michigan he would stamp his foot and that the earth would shake the Creek village. In about the length of time it would have taken Tecumseh to return to his Michigan home, the ground at Tuckhabatchee shook from the New Madrid Earthquake.

In 1870, the Wanapum prophet Smohalla predicted that an earthquake would shake the ground to announce the displeasure of the Great Spirit in the way the people were living. Soon after a major earthquake struck the Chelan in north central Washington. Many in the area, including those who had not heard Smohalla’s words, believed that Mother Earth was angry with them. The Catholic priests used this event as an opportunity to increase their missionary efforts. However, Chief Nmosize, a follower of the traditional ways, burned down the mission house.

In 1873, the Sanpoil prophet Kolaskin predicted that a major disaster was going to happen. On November 12 a major earthquake struck. The earthquake enhanced his reputation as a prophet and increased the number of his followers, including the protestant Indians on the Spokane Indian Reservation in Washington.

In 1887, the noted Yavapai healer Echawamahu began to spend his days wandering away from his San Carlos Apache Reservation camp in Arizona. He muttered to himself and looked skyward. He returned in the evening, carrying flowers, and then was gone again in the morning. He went to another world, but the Great Spirit sent him back to tell the people about coming changes.

Echawamahu called a number of Yavapai and Apache to his camp and gave them specific instructions. He told them that people from four camps were to approach from the four cardinal directions, then be seated in rows. Four young women would be selected to come dressed in white, wearing eagle feathers in their hair. These chosen women would sprinkle dust on each of the seated participants, and then the entire crowd. One by one, they would sprinkle dust on Echawamahu. If the people believe and do as they are told, then the Great Spirit would restore their lands.

When a large earthquake struck the reservation many Yavapai and Apache were convinced that Echawamahu spoke the truth. More than 1,000 gathered at a spring known as Coyote Hole for nightly dancing.

In 1932, the Paiute prophet Wovoka, whose vision had started the Ghost Dance movement, died in Nevada of enlarged prostate cystitis at the age of 74. Prior to his death he predicted that there would be an earthquake after his death which would signal his entry into heaven. Three months after his death, a large earthquake rocked the Smith and Mason Valleys which had been his home.

In 1959, a group of Cree on the Rocky Boy Reservation in Montana requested a Spirit Lodge ceremony. The Cree were concerned about unemployment and about the general unrest among tribal members. During the ceremony the spirits told the ceremonial leader that the people were forgetting the traditional ways. As a result, the leader reported, there would be an earthquake to remind the people. Within a month, a devastating earthquake shook Montana and surrounding country. It caused landslides, created a new lake, and killed many people. The Cree who had been at the meeting of the Spirit Lodge were not surprised.

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)



Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Indigenous Rights (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized

Obama , Sign Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples (#2)

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…

The South Dakota Attorney General said, “never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty.”


When asked whether or not Means had a valid argument to move his case to a federal court based on constitutional rights violation, Long replied, “Mr. Means ‘claims’ that the Black Hills is treaty territory and that South Dakota has no jurisdiction over him. I don’t believe that he has any rights to fish without a license under the U.S. Constitution.”

Means reference to the U.S. Constitution pertains to Article VI, which states: ” . . . This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby . . .”

– snip –

“I have never even read the Ft. Laramie Treaty,” Long admitted.

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


Source

The “listening session” held by the U.S. State Department on March 16 at the University of New Mexico Law School drew more than 100 Native leaders, legal scholars and human rights activists, many of whom called on the United States to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Obama should sign thethe Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples because…


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

That is, it is time for governments to respond, to show action at the national level, to form effective partnerships with the Indigenous Peoples for good government and achievement of true equality.

– snip –

At the time of adoption in 1948, there was controversy and uncertainty about the human rights regime and the authority of the UDHR, but now we see there is no longer any controversy or doubt about the UDHR and its strong foundation for the subsequent human rights conventions or treaties.

– snip –

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborates rights that are already recognized in the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (CCPR) and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).


http://www.indiancountrytoday….

On Oct. 13, 2008 (Columbus Day), in Barcelona Spain, the World Conservation Congress (WCC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), voted to endorse and begin implementing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 13, 2007.

The motion passed by the WCC recognizes that the UN Declaration is “the international mechanism for alleviating the tremendous pressures and crises faced by Indigenous Peoples throughout the world as they endeavor to protect Indigenous ecosystems, including biological, cultural and linguistic diversity.”

Obama should sign the the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.Period.


“Plain language” version of the Declaration

Note that this plain language version of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was developed in 2004 and therefore does not exactly follow the version adopted by the Human Rights Council in June 2006. It does, however, give a good insight into the content of the Declaration.

– snip –

The Preamble lists some of the reasons, which led the United Nations to develop a declaration on indigenous peoples’ rights. The Declaration sets out the rights of indigenous peoples. The language of “peoples” is important. Indigenous peoples do not want to be treated simply as numerical “populations”. They want recognition of their rights as distinct peoples, including the right to self-determination, and the right to control development of their societies.

After all, Obama signed the PACT Act.


http://www.buffalonews.com/201…

WASHINGTON – President Obama on Wednesday signed legislation that bans the U.S. Postal Service from shipping cigarettes – a measure that’s expected to cripple the mail-order tobacco businesses run by members of the Seneca Nation of Indians.

– snip-

“We have at least 90 days from the signing before the postal delivery ban goes into effect, so we’ll all be looking at ways to adapt and save as many jobs as possible,” said J.C. Seneca, a tribal cqcouncillor and co-chairman of the Seneca Nation’s Foreign Relations Committee.

– snip-

“We’ve been pushed around by the government for centuries, and we keep finding ways to survive.”

I really, really like you Obama. Why did you do this? “Smaller” attacks on tribal sovereignty path the way to huge attacks on tribal sovereignty.


http://newsok.com/when-tribe-p…

The 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled against the Osage Nation’s contention that it has a federal Indian reservation and therefore its members living and working on the reservation should be exempt from paying state income taxes as defined by federal law.

– snip –

In 1872, the Osage Nation moved to Oklahoma  from Kansas  and bought its land, which was established as a federal Indian reservation. The reservation status has never changed. In fact, President George W. Bush reaffirmed the Osage Nation’s reservation status by signing the Osage Reaffirmation Act in 2004.

Congress had specifically, with clear language, disestablished reservations both prior to and after the 1906 Osage Allotment Act, but purposefully chose not to do so in the Osage case. The Oklahoma Tax Commission failed to identify clear language in any act of Congress which supports its “disestablishment by allotment” claim.

Posted in Uncategorized