“Indian Arts of the West” (Photo Diary)

The Hagerman Valley Historical Museum is a small (1,200 square foot) museum in Hagerman, Idaho. One of the exhibits in this museum is Indian Arts of the West.

 photo P1160236_zpsvxev8xlm.jpg  photo P1160162_zpsimp5vopr.jpg  photo P1160163_zps6gysswje.jpg  photo P1160194_zpslrxsv5ef.jpg  photo P1160164_zps0hql5c6u.jpg Arrowhead collections, such as the one shown above, are common in small museums. While they are interesting, from an archaeological perspective they tell us little about the past.  photo P1160166_zps3y2xm8ah.jpg Another arrowhead collection. Some of the points in this collection are spearpoints rather than arrowheads. Most of the arrowheads in this collection were found in the 1920s and 1930s on the David Bliss Ranch six miles from Hagerman.  photo P1160167_zpscpjftldg.jpg Another arrowhead collection.  photo P1160169_zpsr76vwdix.jpg Another arrowhead collection.  photo P1160170_zpszmdxnqyp.jpg Shown above is a Sioux ceremonial robe from about 1840.  photo P1160165_zpsgkvcu4zg.jpg The loom shown above is typical of the Southwestern Indians, particularly the Navajo.  photo P1160172_zps1wrgkdi7.jpg  photo P1160185_zpsfzh4jshy.jpg  photo P1160186_zps4ycrco5p.jpg  photo P1160189_zpsbcdlxpnc.jpg  photo P1160190_zpsg69mnvtt.jpg  photo P1160191_zpskgee1q1s.jpg  photo P1160193_zpswvkzijeh.jpg

The Crutchfield Garden Excavation

The Crutchfield Garden site (10-GG-191) is on Billingsley Creek, in Hagerman Valley. The archaeological excavation of the site showed that this was an Indian camp site which had been used six times between 5400 BCE and 1250 CE. During each of these six periods of habitation, Indian people left behind an assemblage of stone tools, food remains, and living features.

 photo P1160173_zpsreosvdyb.jpg This display of stone artifacts shows some of the artifacts from the six occupation levels.

Occupation of the site began about 5400 BCE and the Archaic hunting and gathering people left behind only a few tools.

The second occupation began about 2600 BCE and during this period, Indian people constructed at least one house. People at this time were hunting ducks and mule deer.

During the third occupation, which began about 1500 BCE, Indian people lived at the site during the fall and winter. They were hunting deer using atlatls.

In the fourth occupation, which began about 380 BCE, used the site during the spring and summer. Their food included beaver, rabbit, bison, deer, duck, and seeds.

In the fifth occupation, which began about 1250 CE, Indian people were using the bow and arrow. They occupied the site during the spring and summer.

About 1330 CE, the sixth occupation began. At this time, Indians lived in small huts at the site during the spring and summer.

Shown below are the details of some of the artifacts from this site.

 photo P1160174_zpsrw2qf45w.jpg  photo P1160175_zpsaoybx0py.jpg  photo P1160177_zpsso9xll9r.jpg  photo P1160178_zpsevuizyxo.jpg  photo P1160184_zpsmc1ag02c.jpg

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