Windust Phase Indian Artifacts (Photo Diary)

About 8500 BCE, in the Columbia Plateau region, the Windust phase began to replace Clovis. Clovis spear points, with their characteristic flute, were replaced with leaf-shaped and stemmed points.

Archaeologist James Keyser, in his book Indian Rock Art of the Columbia Plateau, writes:

“Living in the numerous rock shelters throughout the central Columbia Plateau, and in open campsites elsewhere, the Windust people, also nomadic hunters, preyed on deer, elk, birds, and small mammals.”

In his chapter in North American Archaeology, Kenneth Ames reports:

“Windust people were foragers with some logistical movement; population densities were low.”

The Reach Museum in Kennewick, Washington, has a small display of some Windust artifacts.

 photo P1070714_zpsufynnm9t.jpg  photo P1070716_zpspmw4bhx3.jpg Shown above is a chopper from the Windust Era, about 11,000 to 8,000 years ago.  photo P1070717_zpsseltam1l.jpg Shown above is a reproduction of a lanceolate point typical of the Windust Era, about 11,000 to 8,000 years ago.  photo P1070719_zpsa2nu8od0.jpg Shown above is a reproduction of a fluted point typical of the Windust Era, about 11,000 to 8,000 years ago.  photo P1070720_zpszyb6210b.jpg Shown above is a reproduction of a short, wide lanceolate point typical of the Windust Era, about 11,000 to 8,000 years ago.  photo P1070722_zpsskfqsvg3.jpg Shown above are reproduction drill points typical of the Windust Era, about 11,000 to 8,000 years ago.  photo P1070723_zpsluuo3fa2.jpg Shown above is a fish weight from the Windust Era, about 11,000 to 8,000 years ago. This would have been tied to a fishing line or to a fishing net.

Ancient America

Ancient America is a series discussing the Americas prior to the European invasion. More from this series:

Ancient America: Some Artifacts from the Columbia Plateau (Photo Diary)

Ancient America: American Indians at Rancho La Brea

Ancient America: Columbia River Pictographs (Photo Diary)

Ancient America: Stone Artifacts from the Columbia Plateau (Photo Diary)

Ancient America: Life in a California Rock Shelter (Photo Diary)

Ancient America: The Great Basin Archaic

Ancient America: The Halliday Site in Illinois

Ancient America: Texas Prior to 5000 BCE

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